Pilipino Culture

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Symbolism of Flag

The Philipines flag has many symbols that are hidden such as; the sun, the 8 rays of the sun, the 3 stars, the white triangle, blue stripe, and the red stripe. The sun symbolizes a new era of determination in 1897, the 8 rays of the sun symbolizes the 8 provinces that stood up against the Spanish rule in the late 19th century, and the 3 stars symnolizes for the 3 geographic areas of the Philippines (Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao). The white triangle of the flag is a symbol for Katipunan (revolutionary organization that led a rebel against Spain) and a symbol for peace and purity. Finally, the blue stripe is a symbol for noble ideals and the red stripes symbolizes courage and bravery.


Sights

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Chocolate Hills in Bohol, Philippines
- There are about 1,268 hills spread across a more than 50 square kilometers. These hills are covered in grass and turns brown during the dry season; this is how it got it's name. The hills are about 98-160 ft high and these hills are scattered throughout towns of Carmen, Batuan, and Sagbayan in Bohol. The Chocolate Hills are the main attraction in Bohol.






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Banaue Rice Terraces
- These terraces are about 2000 years old and are thought to be the "Eight Wonder of the World" by the Pilipinos. The terraces are atleast located about 5,000 ft above sea level and covers about 4,000 square miles of mountain side. These terraces are found throughout the provinces of Apayao, Kalinga, Ifugao, Benguet, and Mountain Province.






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Boracay Beach
- Boracay Beach is located about 200 miles south of Manila (capiltal of Philippines) and about 1.24 miles northwest of Panay island. Boracay has been voted as one of the best beaches in the world by the BMW Tropical Beach Handbook in 1990 and was voted as the world's number one tropical beach by British publication TV Quick in 1996. Yahoo! travel put Boracay Beach on the top of the list for the "World's Most Popular Beach" in 2007.

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Rizal Park

- Rizal Park is located in the heart of Manila, Philippines. It's history began during the Spanish rule about early 1700's. The park got its name after Jose Rizal. Rizal was the one led the uprising against Spanish colonial masters. As you can see the site is continuously guarded with soldiers who are called Kabalyeros de Rizal (Knights of Rizal). Jose Rizal's poem, "Mi Ultimo Adios" ("My Last Farewell") is carved on the plaque.









Cuisine

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Puto is steamed rice cake and is popular in the Philippines. It is usually eaten as a dessert but it can also be eaten for breakfast with coffee or hot chocolate.
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Halo-halo is a very popular Pilipino dessert; its main ingredients are shved ice and condence milk. Halo-halo doesn't really have a specific ingredient or a specific order to which the ingredients are added. It has a variety of ingredients such as; boiled red mung beans, kidney beans, coconut, jackfruit, star apple, purple yam, and more!
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Sapin-sapin is made with a 3 layer glutinous rice and coconut. The ingredients are rice, coconut milk, sugar, water, food coloring, and coconut flakes sprinkled on top of it.




Language

There are about 171 different languages in the Philippines. The most spoken are Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilokano, Hiligaynon, Waray-Waray, Kapampanga, Chavacano, Northen Bicol, Pangasinan, Southwest Bicol, Maranoa, Maguindanoa, Kinaray-a, Tausug, Surigaonon, Masbateno, Aklanon, and Ibanig.


Number of native speakers
Tagalog
22,000,000
Cebuano
20,000,000
Ilokano
7,700,000
Hiligaynon
7,000,000
Waray-Waray
3,100,000
Kapamganga
2,900,000
Chavacano
2,500,000
Northern Bicol
2,500,000
Pangasinan
2,434,086
Southern Bicol
1,200,000
Maranao
1,150,000
Maguindanao
1,100,000
Kinaray-a
1,051,000
Tausug
1,022,000
Surigaonon
600,000
Masbateno
530,000
Aklanon
520,000
Ibanag
320,000




Transportation

The common transportation that are use by those who doesn't have cars are ferry boats, jeepney, and tricycle.

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Ferry Boat
- As you know Philippines' territory is much more water than land. This is why they decided to use the ferry boat to go different islands.








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Jeepney
- The Jeepney is the most popular transportation in the Philippines. It's pretty much like the symbol of the Philippines transportation! It is very, very, very crowded though! Trust me, I've been on one! But it's actually fun to ride on one. Anyway, the jeepney holds about 20 passengers. The jeepney's are usually painted in bright colors, lights every where, and mirrors!




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Tricycle
- The tricycle is a smaller version of the jeepney. It's pretty much like a regular motorcycle but with an extra wheel and extra seating. It holds about 10 passengers and like the jeepney it is also painted with bright colors.





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Singkil

- The name takes its place by the bells worn by the Muslim princess. This dance might be one of the oldest Pilipino dance and the dance recounts the "Darangan" legend of Mindanao. Singkil is very similar to Tinikling but Singkil uses 4 bamboo poles rather then 2.








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Tinikling
- Tinikling is the Philippines' national dance. The dance involves 2 people beating/tapping/ and sliding the bamboo poles on the ground and against eachother to make a beat.The name of the dance came from a bird called Tikling and the name literally means "Tikling-like".







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Itik-Itik
- Itik-itik's name came from the word duck. The dance itself actually imitates the movements of the ducks among the swamplands.







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Pandanggo sa Ilaw
- The dance symbolizes fireflies at night. Pandanggo is from a Spanish word "fandango" and sa Ilaw means "the light". "The light" refers to the 3 candle lights that each dancers has to balance; one on top of the head and one on the back of each hand. This dance is dificult because one needs to have a good balance in order to perfect this dance.